Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which a person has high blood sugar level because either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or cells do not respond to it.
Normally after intake of food, it breaks down into glucose – the main fuel for energy in human body. Insulin in pancreas is produced and released to transport the glucose into the cells. Usually pancreas automatically produce insulin according to the glucose level. But in people with diabetes, the pancreas produce little or no insulin or the cells become resistant to insulin produced.
|Fasting||80-100 mg/dl||110-125 mg/dl||Above 126 mg/dl|
|2 hours after meal (PPBS)||below 140 mg/dl||140-160 mg/dl||Above 180 mg/dl|
Known as Juvinile diabetes Mellitus. 5-10% cases are diagnosed as as Type 1. It is an autoimmune disorder when the immune system goes against its own self causing destruction of the pancreatic cells that produce insulin. Seen usually in children. Increased urination, increased thirst, weight loss are usually seen. No family history generally present. Insulin shots are given usually in modern medicine.
Most common type. Slow onset with symptoms like increased thirst, increased urination and weight loss. Usually these people are obese with sedentary life style and a strong family history. Due to ineffective glucose metabolism, the body uses alternatives like fat metabolism to produce energy leaving the person tired and fatigue seen.
Seen during pregnancy. About 3-5% ladies have chances to develop Gestational diabetes. This happens when the body does not make enough insulin or resist direct action of insulin due to hormones. These patients have 40% chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes if they are obese or have irregular food habits. Diet management alone manages this condition well. Insulin is some times given.
Untreated Diabetes may lead to irreversible damage to the Eyes (Retinopathy), Kidneys (Nephropathy), Nerves (Neuropathy), Heart (Heart Attack) and Feet (Diabetic Foot).
In Siddha Diadetes is known as MadhuMegham, Pramagham, Neerizhivu noi etc. It is characterized by increased blood sugar, increased urine output and deterioration of 7 udal thathus (Saaram or nourishing juice, Cheneer or blood, Oon or Muscles, Enbu or bone, Moolai or marrow, Kozhuppu or Fat, Sukilam/ Sronitham or Semen/ Ova) leading to emaciation and damage to body systems.
Both Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes can be managed through diet, Exercise, Routine check up and take our Medicines. And also Eat Right, Exercise more & Prevent Diabetes. Keep Fit & Stay Healthy.
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