An Anal Fissure is a tear or crack in the lower rectum (anus) that causes pain during and after passing stools. This is one of the major reasons for burning pain and bleeding experienced at the time of passing motion. The Anoderm which is a lining of the anal canal contains a large number of sensory nerves. Generally, this anal fissure does not lead to serious problems.
It can affect people of all ages but is the most common trusted source in infants and middle-aged adults. Certain treatments can promote healing and help relieve discomfort including stool softeners with topical pain relievers. Constipated for long period causes straining and tearing. This problem is aggravated by a lack of physical exercise.
Common causes that influence Anal Fissure includes:
Factors that increase your risk of developing an Anal Fissure include:
Childbirth: anal fissures are more common in women after they give birth
Constipation: Straining during bowel movements and passing hard stools that increase the risk of tearing.
Chronic Anal Fissure
Often these complications include failure to heal, recurrence, a tear that extends to surrounding muscles. An unhealed fissure can trigger a cycle of discomfort that may require medications.
Types of Fissure Treatment include Acute Fissure and Chronic Fissure. There are two forms of Anal Fissures as Primary Fissures and Secondary Fissures.
Primary Fissure: They are non-threatening and short-lived in nature due to injury to the local tissues. The injury may be related to the passage of hard stools, chronic diarrhea, normal childbirth, recurring trauma, or anal intercourse.
Secondary Fissure: It occurs after surgeries in the anus, inflammatory bowel disease, and chronic infection in and region.
The cracks around the anal region is reduced completely by reducing the body heat. External applications like certain herbal ointments also given for fissure to heal the cracks and wound around the anal region. The itching around the anus is also reduced. Thus the external wash and sit bath is also administered for the anal fissure. Lifestyle modifications and diet are recommended by doctors to improve fiber foods in your diet to leave the permanent relief.